Chicago – Biography
Chicago was formed in 1967 in Chicago, Illinois by a group of DePaul University students. The band included Marvin Cantera and Andre Jugo, 2 music students who had been playing local late-night clubs. They recruited a couple of other students from the university converging for a meeting in Walter Parazaider, who plays the saxophone, apartment. The new recruits were Parazaider, guitarist Terry Kath, drummer Danny Seraphine, trombonist James Pankow, trumpet player Lee Loughnane and keyboardist Robert Lamm. They initially called themselves The Big Thing performing mostly cover versions of top-40 hits.
The band gained some recognition performing those cover hits and began to work on their original songs. In June 1968, they moved to Los Angeles, California guided by their friend and manager James William Guercio. They secured a contract with Columbia Records. The Big Thing eventually changed their name to Chicago Transit Authority after signing the contract.
In 1969, they released their first record titled, The Chicago Transit Authority. The record sold over one million copies and went platinum by 1970. This huge success attracted the attention of the actual Chicago Transit Authority who threatened legal action against the group for using their official name. Not wanting to get themselves in trouble with the law, they shortened their name simply to Chicago.
From then on, Chicago went on to become one of the longest-running and most successful rock groups in history. Throughout the 1970s and 1980s they released a steady stream of hits. Throughout their career, Chicago have sold over 38 million units in the US, with 22 gold, 18 platinum, and 8 multi-platinum albums. Along the way, they have had five number-one albums and 21 top-ten singles.